The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between personality traits (conscientiousness and internal locus of control) and self-leadership. Specifically, we tested a moderated mediation model with self-leadership as the mediator between personality traits and job performance and job satisfaction and with gender as the moderator in influencing the mediations. Data were collected from a variety of organizations from 341 supervisor-subordinate dyads located in China and Hong Kong. Our analyses revealed that: (1) conscientiousness and internal locus of control were positively related to self-leadership in Chinese contexts; (2) self-leadership mediated the relationships of conscientiousness and internal locus of control with both job performance and job satisfaction; and (3) the mediating effects of self-leadership were not moderated by gender.
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