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Reflection of public debt in financing deficit, capital investments and economic growth in Kosovo and level comparison with other countries

Refik Kryeziu

Abstract


In this paper, we present the processes of public debt development in Kosovo for the period of its functioning, respectively from 2009 until 2018. There is no long history of it, but there is a dynamic constant growth. The methodology used in this paper is based on empirical study analysis, and the scientific literature we have elaborated has found that many thinkers who support public debt with arguments justify this non-fiscal instrument to finance the budget deficit as well as some others who object it. In addition to the international debt with 42% share, in 2012, the domestic debt began to function, with securities issuing at 58%. Along with the country's economic growth, we have also increased budget, and GDP growth. While every year we have an average economic growth of 3.2% to 3.5%. In 2013, compared to 2012, the budget increase is 1.96%, in 2016 compared to 2015 is 7%. In 2017 compared to 2016 we have a growth of 8.31%. In 2009, the debt-to-GDP ratio had a share of 6.12%, in 2014 it reached 10.65%, in 2017 the share of debt to GDP (GDP) was 16.63% and in Q3 of 2018 it was 16.92 %. In the countries of the region and the European Union we have different levels. Most states have a high level of debt to GDP.The study of the literature review was carried out using selected four databases containing publications. Research has been done to find out how much the public debt level is based on the specifics of the economy and fiscal policy in Kosovo. In addition to the dynamics of public finance development, public debt has also been realized.


Keywords


Public finances, public debt, deficit, economic growth

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